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UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Complete Study Notes Available

Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS) among others. Also simply referred as UPSC examination.

It is conducted in three phases - a preliminary examination consisting of two objective-type papers (General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II also popularly known as Civil Service Aptitude Test - CSAT), and a main examination consisting of 9 papers of conventional (essay) type, in which two papers are qualifying and only marks of seven paper are counted followed by a personality test (interview).

  Date of IAS Prelims Exam 2019 : 2nd June 2019 (Sunday, 1 Day)

Date of IAS Main Exam 2019 :  September 20, 2019

IFS Mains 2019: December 01, 2019 (Only for Indian Forest Service Aspirants)

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अगर आप भी यूपीएससी की परीक्षा देने वाले हैं तो दिए गए टिप्स फॉलो करें जिससे आपकी तैयारी में आसानी हो।

प्लान बनाकर तैयारी करें-

यूपीएससी परीक्षा के लिए दिनभर किताबें खोलकर पढ़ना जरूरी नहीं है बल्कि उससे ज्यादा जरूरी है कि आप अपने स्टडी टाइम को किस तरह सेट करके पढ़ाई करते हैं। सबसे पहले स्टडी के लिए प्लान तैयार कर लें कि किस विषय में आपको कितना समय देना है। जिन विषयों में आप कठिनाई महसूस करते हैं उस पर ज्यादा वक्त दें, साथ ही रिवीजन भी हर दिन करते जाएं।

पुराने पेपर सॉल्व करें-

परीक्षार्थियों को रिवीजन के लिए पिछले साल के पेपर्स जरूर सॉल्व करना चाहिए। इससे उन्हें अंदाजा लग जाएगा कि किस तरह के सवाल मेन्स की परीक्षा में पूछे जाते हैं। खासकर पिछले 3-4 साल के पेपर्स पर जोर दें।

हर रोज अखबार पढ़ें-

अखबार को अपनी आदत में शुमार कर लें और हर रोज जरूर पढ़ें। इससे आपका सामान्य ज्ञान तो बढ़ेगा ही साथ ही रोजाना की घटनाओं से भी अवगत रहेंगे। यूपीएससी के पेपर में जनरल अवेयरनेस से काफी सवाल पूछे जाते हैं ऐसे में अखबार इसमें आपकी मदद करेगा।

NCERT की किताबें पढ़ें-

NCERT की किताबों से आप बेसिक जानकारी ले सकते हैं। मॉक टेस्ट से अभ्यास करना सबसे ज्यादा कारगर होता है। एक्सपर्ट्स का भी मानना है कि  NCERT यूपीएससी की तैयारी के लिए काफी मदद कर सकती हैं।

राइटिंग स्किल पर करें काम-

यूपीएससी में पढ़ने के साथ-साथ लिखने पर भी फोकस करना जरूरी है। परीक्षार्थी सिर्फ पढ़ने पर ही ध्यान ना दें। दरअसल, मेन्स परीक्षा सब्जेक्टिव होता है इसलिए अगर आप भी सफल होना चाहते हैं तो लेखन शैली पर काम करें।

Eligibility

Eligibility for the examination is as follows :

Nationality

For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, the candidate must be a citizen of India.

For other services, the candidate must be one of the following :

  1. A citizen of India

  2. A citizen of Nepal or a subject of Bhutan

  3. A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Education

All candidates must have as a minimum one of the following educational qualifications :

  1. A degree from a Central, State or a Deemed university.

  2. A degree received through correspondence or distance education.

  3. A degree from an open university.

  4. A qualification recognized by the Government of India as being equivalent to one of the above.

The following candidates are also eligible, but must submit proof of their eligibility from a competent authority at their institute/university at the time of the main examination, failing which they will not be allowed to attend the exam.

  1. Candidates who have appeared in an examination, the passing of which would render them educationally qualified enough to satisfy one of the above points

  2. Candidates who have passed the final exam of the MBBS degree but have not yet completed an internship.

  3. Candidates who have passed the final exam of ICAI, ICSI and ICWAI.

  4. A degree from a private university.

  5. A degree from any foreign university recognized by the Association of Indian Universities.

Age

The candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years (for the General category candidate) on August 1 of the year of examination. Prescribed age limits vary with respect to caste reservations.

  1. For Other Backward Castes (OBC) the upper age limit is 35

  2. For Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST), the limit is 37 years.

  3. The upper age limit is relaxed for certain candidates who are backward with respect to other factors and differently abled

Number of attempts

The number of times a candidate may attempt the exam is limited as follows :

  1. General category candidates = 6

  2. OBC category candidates = 9

  3. SC/ST candidates = unlimited attempts till 37 years of age.

  4. Appearing to attempt one of the papers in the preliminary examination is counted as an attempt, including disqualification/ cancellation of candidature. However, applying to sit the exam but failing to attend is not counted as an attempt.

Report of Baswan Committee

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is going through the report of Baswan Committee that has recommended changes in the civil services examination. "The report of the Baswan Committee is currently under the consideration of the UPSC and the recommendations of the UPSC on the report are yet to be received," Minister of State for Personnel Jitendra Singh said in a written reply to Rajya Sabha. According to government, the Baswan committee examined the plan of examination, number of papers, their structure and duration, marking scheme, weightage of marks and system of evaluation among others.

Civil Services Examination Pattern

The Civil Services Examination will consist of two successive stages (vide Appendix I Section-I) (i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination; and (ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts noted above. Applications are now invited for the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination only. Candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified for admission to the Civil Services (Main) Examination will have to apply online again, in the Detailed Application Form which would be made available to them.

The Civil Services Examination will consist of two successive stages :

(i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Exam;

(ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts noted above.

Applications are now invited for the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination only.

Candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified for admission to the Civil Services (Main) Examination will have to apply online again, in the Detailed Application Form which would be made available to them.

Civil Services Preliminary Exam Pattern & Syllabus

Topics of Paper I - (200 marks) Duration : Two hours : Total Questions (100)

  1. Current events of national and international importance

  2. History of India and Indian National Movement

  3. Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World

  4. Indian Polity & Governance -Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

  5. Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

  6. General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization.

  7. General Science

Topics for Paper II - (200 marks) Duration : Two hours : Total Questions (80)

  1. Comprehension

  2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills

  3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability

  4. Decision making and problem solving

  5. General mental ability

  6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data Interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, Data Sufficiency etc. - Class X level)

  7. English Language & Comprehension Skills

NOTE :

  1. Paper­II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.

  2. The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type.

  3. It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelims) Examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he/she does not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelims) Examination.

IAS Prelims Exam Complete Study Notes

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Civil Services Prelims Exam Paper I study notes (English) Civil Services Prelims Exam Paper II (CSAT) study notes (English) selection_strategy_guide.jpg current affairs English
Civil Services Prelims Exam Paper I study notes (Hindi) Civil Services Prelims Exam Paper II (CSAT) study notes (Hindi) selection_strategy_guide.jpg current affairs Hindi

IAS Main Exam Complete Study Notes

Available @ 4000/-

For subscribe click here

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society cover in Hindi Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations cover in Hindi Technology Economic Development Bio diversity Environment security and disaster management cover in Hindi Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude cover in Hindi
Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society cover Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations cover Technology Economic Development Bio diversity Environment security and disaster management cover Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude cover
Essay, English Comprehension & English Precis cover.psd Essay, English Comprehension & English Precis cover in Hindi current affairs English current affairs Hindi

Civil Services Mains Exam Syllabus

The written examination will consist of the following papers:

Paper A - Modern Indian language 300 Marks - Qualifying nature - Marks not counted - Passing mandatory-

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essay

(v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.

Note 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of High School level and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for final ranking.

Note 2 : The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

Paper B - English - 300 marks - Qualifying nature - Marks not counted- Passing mandatory

The aim of the paper is to test the candidates' ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-

(i) Comprehension of given passages

(ii) Precis Writing

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary

(iv) Short Essay 

Paper-I

Essay - 250 Marks - To be written in the medium or language of the candidate's choice. Candidate is required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They are expected to keep their thoughts closely to the subject and arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and be concise. Credit will be given to effective and coherent expression.

Paper-II

General Studies-I 250 Marks (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

Effects of globalization on Indian society

Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Salient features of world's physical geography.

Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Paper-III

General Studies -II: 250 Marks (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.

Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Role of civil services in a democracy.

India and its neighbourhood- relations.

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests

Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.

Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Paper-IV

General Studies -III 250 Marks (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Government Budgeting.

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

Land reforms in India.

Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Investment models.

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Disaster and disaster management.

Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Paper-V

General Studies -IV : 250 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's

Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

Case Studies on above issues.

Paper-VI

Optional Subject - Paper I -250 Marks

Paper-VII

Optional Subject - Paper II -250 Marks

Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below.

Interview/Personality Test - 275 Marks

 Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

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All Exams Previous Solved Question Papers and Answer Key
Current affairs Latest Updates
Syllabus free download
Selection strategy guide English | Hindi
Writting skill tips
Article related to IAS prelims & main exam
Free download UPSC study material/study notes
Handwritten Notes
UPSC optional subject study materials free download
UPSC Toppers Notes
UPSC Toppers success stories
How to write a good essay?
Civil Services Mains Exam Writing Skill
How to write a good answer in main exam?
Essay Writing tips
Correspondence Courses
General Studies Basics
General Knowledge (GK) Basics
Descriptive Questions & Answers
Yearly Membership Programme
IAS Exam Foundation Course
ARC Reports
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PRS news & events (monthly-policy-review)
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