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UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Complete Study Notes Available

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts Civil Services exam to recruit candidates for the three All India Services and Central Civil Services for various departments of the Government of India. The Civil Services Exam is commonly called as the IAS Exam. IAS notification 2020 will start the IAS exam process officially. IAS pre 2020 Notification will outline the vacancies, timeline of the exam, official IAS syllabus, number of attempts and the likes.

IAS Prelims Exam Notification 2020 will be released on February 12, 2020 as per the UPSC calendar for 2020. The candidates can expect less number of vacancies because of the withdrawal of Railway services from the civil services exam this year.

Next year, there can be an increase in the UPSC vacancies because of the number of newly created Railway Maintenance services will add up to the number of vacancies. 

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Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2020 Notification will be released on February 12, 2020
Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2020 last date for Apply online : 03.03.2020
IAS Prelims Exam Date : 31.05.2020 (SUNDAY)
Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2020 date : 18.09.2020 (FRIDAY) 5 DAYS
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UPSC conducts the IAS Exam for the following services :

All India Services

  • Indian Administrative Services (IAS)
  • Indian Police Servies (IPS) 
  • Indian Forest Services (IFoS) [Prelims Only]

Central Civil Services

  • Indian Foreign Services(IFS)
  • Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, Administration).
  • Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group 'A'.
  • Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’
  • Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Trade Service, Group 'A'.
  • Indian Corporate Law Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).
  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu & Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'.
  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu & Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group 'B'.
  • Pondicherry Civil Service, Group 'B'.
  • Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’.

IAS Exam Highlights

Exam Name Civil Services (IAS) Exam 2020
Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission
Exam Level National
Exam Frequency Once a year
Exam Mode Offline - Pen and Paper Mode
Exam Stages Prelims - Mains(Written) - Mains(Interview)
Application Fee 100
Language Prelims - English and Hindi
No. of Test Cities Test centres across the nation
Exam Helpdesk No. 011-23098543 / 23385271 / 23381125 / 23098591
Official Website https://www.upsc.gov.in/

Remember these Dates

Candidates can go through important UPSC IAS exam dates 2020 below:

Event Dates Salient Features
IAS Exam 2020 Notification 12 February The UPSC will issue the Civil Services Exam Notification 2020 mentioning the vacancies and other important information
Last date to apply for IAS Exam 2020 3 March The IAS online application will be accepted until this date.
IAS Prelims Exam 2020 31 May IAS Prelims 2020 Exam will be conducted in offline mode across the nation.
IAS Prelims 2020 Result To be announced The result of the IAS Prelims Exam 2020 will be announced by UPSC.
IAS Main Exam 2020 18 September The IAS Main Exam 2020 will be conducted by UPSC

IAS Eligibility

Eligibility for IAS is one of the first questions which crops up in the mind of an IAS aspirant. The nationality, number of attempts, age limit and the educational qualifications are some of the basic eligibility criteria for IAS exam. All candidates who wish to appear in IAS exam 2020 need to ensure that they meet all the eligibility criteria as mentioned below.

Nationality

For Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and Indian Police Service (IPS), a candidate must be a citizen of India. For all other services, a candidate can either be a citizen of India or

  • A subject of Nepal/ Bhutan

  • A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before January 1, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India

  • A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India

Note: Candidates who are subjects of Nepal/ Bhutan or Tibetan refugees are not eligible to apply for Indian Foreign Service (IFS).

Age Limit for IAS Exam 2020

Candidates must be minimum 21 years and maximum 32 years of age as on August 1, 2020. This means that candidates must have born not earlier than August 2, 1988 and not later than August 1, 1999.

There is also age relaxation of some years for reserved category candidates:

Category

Age Relaxation 

SC/ ST

5 Years

OBC

3 Years

Defence Services Personnel, disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof

3 Years

Ex-servicemen including commissioned officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years of military service as on August 1, 2019 and have been released

5 Years

PwD [(a) blindness and low vision; (b) deaf and hard of hearing; (c) locomotor disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured, dwarfism, acid attack victims and muscular dystrophy; (d) autism, intellectual disability, specific learning disability and mental illness; and (e) multiple disabilities from amongst persons under clauses (a) to (d) including deaf-blindness]

10 Years

No age relaxation is provided to the Economically Weaker Sections in the UPSC Civil Services Exam.

Educational Qualification

Candidates must hold a graduation degree in any stream from any university established under the Act passed by the Parliament of India or State legislature. Candidates who are in the last year of the graduation and awaiting results are also eligible to apply for IAS Preliminary exam. However, such candidates need to submit the proof of passing the requisite exam at the time of applying for the Main exam. The applications for IAS Main exam are usually released in the month of July/ August.

Note: Candidates who have cleared MBBS or any other medical exam but have not completed their internship, by the time of submission of their Civil Services Main Exam applications, will be provisionally admitted to the exam. However, provisional admission to the exam will be given only if candidates submit along with their application a copy of the certificate from the concerned authority of the university/ institution that they had passed the requisite final professional medical exam, informs the official website.

Physical Standards

Candidates must be physically fit according to physical standards given in the Civil Services exam notification.

Number of Attempts in IAS Exam

All candidates are allowed a maximum of six attempts in the IAS exam. However, it may be noted that the restriction of the number of attempts is not applicable for candidates belonging to SC/ST category. Also, candidates belonging to OBC and Persons with Benchmark Disabilities categories are allowed a maximum of nine attempts in the exam.   

If a candidate appears in any one paper of the IAS Prelims Exam, then it is deemed that he has made an attempt in the IAS Exam.

Report of Baswan Committee

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is going through the report of Baswan Committee that has recommended changes in the civil services examination. "The report of the Baswan Committee is currently under the consideration of the UPSC and the recommendations of the UPSC on the report are yet to be received," Minister of State for Personnel Jitendra Singh said in a written reply to Rajya Sabha. According to government, the Baswan committee examined the plan of examination, number of papers, their structure and duration, marking scheme, weightage of marks and system of evaluation among others.

अगर आप भी यूपीएससी की परीक्षा देने वाले हैं तो दिए गए टिप्स फॉलो करें जिससे आपकी तैयारी में आसानी हो।

प्लान बनाकर तैयारी करें-

यूपीएससी परीक्षा के लिए दिनभर किताबें खोलकर पढ़ना जरूरी नहीं है बल्कि उससे ज्यादा जरूरी है कि आप अपने स्टडी टाइम को किस तरह सेट करके पढ़ाई करते हैं। सबसे पहले स्टडी के लिए प्लान तैयार कर लें कि किस विषय में आपको कितना समय देना है। जिन विषयों में आप कठिनाई महसूस करते हैं उस पर ज्यादा वक्त दें, साथ ही रिवीजन भी हर दिन करते जाएं।

पुराने पेपर सॉल्व करें-

परीक्षार्थियों को रिवीजन के लिए पिछले साल के पेपर्स जरूर सॉल्व करना चाहिए। इससे उन्हें अंदाजा लग जाएगा कि किस तरह के सवाल मेन्स की परीक्षा में पूछे जाते हैं। खासकर पिछले 3-4 साल के पेपर्स पर जोर दें।

हर रोज अखबार पढ़ें-

अखबार को अपनी आदत में शुमार कर लें और हर रोज जरूर पढ़ें। इससे आपका सामान्य ज्ञान तो बढ़ेगा ही साथ ही रोजाना की घटनाओं से भी अवगत रहेंगे। यूपीएससी के पेपर में जनरल अवेयरनेस से काफी सवाल पूछे जाते हैं ऐसे में अखबार इसमें आपकी मदद करेगा।

NCERT की किताबें पढ़ें-

NCERT की किताबों से आप बेसिक जानकारी ले सकते हैं। मॉक टेस्ट से अभ्यास करना सबसे ज्यादा कारगर होता है। एक्सपर्ट्स का भी मानना है कि  NCERT यूपीएससी की तैयारी के लिए काफी मदद कर सकती हैं।

राइटिंग स्किल पर करें काम-

यूपीएससी में पढ़ने के साथ-साथ लिखने पर भी फोकस करना जरूरी है। परीक्षार्थी सिर्फ पढ़ने पर ही ध्यान ना दें। दरअसल, मेन्स परीक्षा सब्जेक्टिव होता है इसलिए अगर आप भी सफल होना चाहते हैं तो लेखन शैली पर काम करें।

Civil Services Examination Pattern

The Civil Services Examination will consist of two successive stages (vide Appendix I Section-I)

(i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination; and (ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts noted above.

Applications are now invited for the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination only. Candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified for admission to the Civil Services (Main) Examination will have to apply online again, in the Detailed Application Form which would be made available to them.

The Civil Services Examination will consist of two successive stages :

(i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Exam;

(ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts noted above.

Applications are now invited for the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination only.

Candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified for admission to the Civil Services (Main) Examination will have to apply online again, in the Detailed Application Form which would be made available to them.

Civil Services Preliminary Exam Pattern & Syllabus

Topics of Paper I - (200 marks) Duration : Two hours : Total Questions (100)

  1. Current events of national and international importance

  2. History of India and Indian National Movement

  3. Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World

  4. Indian Polity & Governance -Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

  5. Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

  6. General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization.

  7. General Science

Topics for Paper II - (200 marks) Duration : Two hours : Total Questions (80)

  1. Comprehension

  2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills

  3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability

  4. Decision making and problem solving

  5. General mental ability

  6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data Interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, Data Sufficiency etc. - Class X level)

  7. English Language & Comprehension Skills

NOTE :

  1. Paper­II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.

  2. The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type.

  3. It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelims) Examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he/she does not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelims) Examination.

IAS Prelims Exam Complete Study Notes

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Civil Services Prelims Exam Paper I study notes (English) Civil Services Prelims Exam Paper II (CSAT) study notes (English) selection_strategy_guide.jpg current affairs English
Civil Services Prelims Exam Paper I study notes (Hindi) Civil Services Prelims Exam Paper II (CSAT) study notes (Hindi) selection_strategy_guide.jpg current affairs Hindi

IAS Main Exam Complete Study Notes

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Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society cover in Hindi Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations cover in Hindi Technology Economic Development Bio diversity Environment security and disaster management cover in Hindi Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude cover in Hindi
Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society cover Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations cover Technology Economic Development Bio diversity Environment security and disaster management cover Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude cover
Essay, English Comprehension & English Precis cover.psd Essay, English Comprehension & English Precis cover in Hindi current affairs English current affairs Hindi

Civil Services Mains Exam Syllabus

The written examination will consist of the following papers:

Paper A - Modern Indian language 300 Marks - Qualifying nature - Marks not counted - Passing mandatory-

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essay

(v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.

Note 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of High School level and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for final ranking.

Note 2 : The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

Paper B - English - 300 marks - Qualifying nature - Marks not counted- Passing mandatory

The aim of the paper is to test the candidates' ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-

(i) Comprehension of given passages

(ii) Precis Writing

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary

(iv) Short Essay 

Paper-I

Essay - 250 Marks - To be written in the medium or language of the candidate's choice. Candidate is required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They are expected to keep their thoughts closely to the subject and arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and be concise. Credit will be given to effective and coherent expression.

Paper-II

General Studies-I 250 Marks (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

Effects of globalization on Indian society

Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Salient features of world's physical geography.

Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Paper-III

General Studies -II: 250 Marks (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.

Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Role of civil services in a democracy.

India and its neighbourhood- relations.

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests

Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.

Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Paper-IV

General Studies -III 250 Marks (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Government Budgeting.

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

Land reforms in India.

Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Investment models.

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Disaster and disaster management.

Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Paper-V

General Studies -IV : 250 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's

Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

Case Studies on above issues.

Paper-VI

Optional Subject - Paper I -250 Marks

Paper-VII

Optional Subject - Paper II -250 Marks

Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below.

Interview/Personality Test - 275 Marks

 Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

External links
All Exams Previous Solved Question Papers and Answer Key
Current affairs Latest Updates
Syllabus free download
Selection strategy guide English | Hindi
Writting skill tips
Article related to IAS prelims & main exam
Free download UPSC study material/study notes
Handwritten Notes
UPSC optional subject study materials free download
UPSC Toppers Notes
UPSC Toppers success stories
How to write a good essay?
Civil Services Mains Exam Writing Skill
How to write a good answer in main exam?
Essay Writing tips
Correspondence Courses
General Studies Basics
General Knowledge (GK) Basics
Descriptive Questions & Answers
Yearly Membership Programme
IAS Exam Foundation Course
ARC Reports
India Year Book Summary
PRS news & events (monthly-policy-review)
Newspaper editorials
Year Book free download
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