GATE 2019 Complete Study Notes
GATE 2018 Admit Card has been released on 4th January 2018. for download admit card click here.
GATE 2018 (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) is an national level entrance exam for admission to PG courses in the field of engineering and technology. Candidates can get admissions into M.Tech./Ph.D. programmes in IITs , IISc, IISERs and other reputed institutions through GATE score. Every year, GATE is organized by the seven zonal IITs and an IISc on rotational basis.
This year, GATE exam is conducted by IIT, Guwahati. Apart from granting admission, the score of gate exam is also considered as one of the criteria for recruitment to government and private organizations working in technical fields. Aspirants can check here complete details about GATE 2018 Entrance Examination.
GATE 2018 examinations for 23 papers will be conducted across eight (8) sessions as per the following schedule.
Examination Date & Day Time Paper(s) 03 February 2018 (Saturday) 09:00 – 12:00 Hours (IST) (Forenoon Session) ME, EY, PE, XE, XL 03 February 2018 (Saturday) 14:00 – 17:00 Hours (IST) (Afternoon Session) ME, AE, MA, PI 04 February 2018 (Sunday) 09:00 – 12:00 Hours (IST) (Forenoon Session) CS, MN 04 February 2018 (Sunday) 14:00 – 17:00 Hours (IST) (Afternoon Session) AG, AR, BT, CH, CY, GG, IN, MT, PH, TF 10 February 2018 (Saturday) 09:00 – 12:00 Hours (IST) (Forenoon Session) EC 10 February 2018 (Saturday) 14:00 – 17:00 Hours (IST) (Afternoon Session) EE 11 February 2018 (Sunday) 09:00 – 12:00 Hours (IST) (Forenoon Session) CE 11 February 2018 (Sunday) 14:00 – 17:00 Hours (IST) (Afternoon Session) CE Remember these dates
Events Dates Commencement of Online Application Form 1st September 2017 Last Date of Application Form Submission 9th October 2017 (Extended) Last Date for correction in Gender, Category & PwD status 28th October 2017 Correction in examination city 13th – 17th November 2017 Admit Card Availability 4th January 2018 GATE 2018 Exam Date 3rd, 4th, 10th and 11th February 2018 (9:00 AM to 12:00 Noon)
(2:00 PM to 5:00 PM)Answer Key Released On Within a few days after examination Result Declaration On 17th March 2018 Downloading of Score Card Begins Last week of March 2018 to Last week of May 2018 Counselling Commence Second week of April 2018
Price : Combo Pack @ 3000/
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GATE 2018 Exam Pattern
The detailed GATE 2018 exam pattern is given below :

Course: GATE is conducted for M.Tech./Ph.D. programme in IITs , IISc and various other institutions.

Number of Papers: GATE 2018 is held for total 23 papers. Candidates are allowed to appear in only one of the 23 papers.

Mode of Examination: The examination mode will be online only (CBT).

Exam Duration: The examination duration will be 3 hours.

Number of Questions: Total 65 questions of maximum 100 marks will be asked in GATE 2018.

Type of Questions: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) & Numerical Answer Type Questions (NAT) will appear in GATE examination. For MCQ, 4 choices will be provided while there will be no options provided for NAT. Students are required to enter the real number in Numerical Answer Type Questions with the help of virtual keypad.

Section Common in All GATE Papers: General Aptitude (GA) section is common in all papers. It will contain total 150 questions of maximum 15 marks (5 questions of 1 mark and 5 questions of 2 marks).

New Section: In the paper of XE, new section (H) namely Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences has been included from the year 2017.

Marking Scheme: MCQ and NAT questions will carry 1 or 2 marks in all papers.

Negative Marking: There will be a negative marking of 1/3 marks for the questions carrying 1 mark. Likewise, for questions carrying 2 marks, 2/3 marks will be deducted. No negative marking for Numerical Answer Type questions.
Exam Pattern For All Papers Except GG, XE, XL
 25 questions of 1 mark each.
 30 questions of 2 marks each.
 10 questions from GA.
Exam Pattern For Paper GG
 Part A – 25 questions of 1 mark each. This part is common for all candidates.
 Part B – 30 questions of 2 marks each. This part has two sections, section1 is of Geology and section2 is of Geophysics.
 10 questions from GA.
Exam Pattern For Paper XE
 Section A – Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory Section) – Total 11 questions will be asked. 7 questions of 1 mark each and 4 questions of 2 marks each. It is common to all candidates.
 Any two of XE sections from B to H – 22 questions. 9 questions carrying 1 mark and 13 questions carrying 2 marks.
 10 questions from GA.
Exam Pattern For Paper XL
 Section P – Chemistry (compulsory section) – It contains total 15 questions (5 questions of 1 marks and 10 questions of 2 marks).
 Any two of XL sections Q to U – Total 20 questions (10 questions of 1 mark each and 10 questions of 2 marks).
 10 questions from GA.
GATE 2018 Syllabus
Here we are giving complete detailed information about GATE syllabus. Candidates can read from the given GATE syllabi & secure high marks in the examination.
Syllabus of General Aptitude (GA)
The General Aptitude Test syllabus is common for all paper. The topics are given here :

Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.

Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data interpretation.
Syllabus of Aerospace Engineering (AE)
The AE topics divided into two categories: core topics & special topics. 90% questions will be asked from the core topics & 10% remaining questions will come from special topics.
Section 1 (Engineering Mathematics):
Core Topics: Linear Algebra, Calculus and Differential Equations.
Special Topics: fourier series, Laplace Transforms, Numerical methods for linear and nonlinear algebraic equations, Numerical integration and differentiation.
Section 2 (Flight Mechanics):

Core Topics: Basics, Airplane performance & Static stability.

Special Topics: Dynamic stability: Euler angles, Equations of motion, aerodynamic forces and moments, stability & control derivatives, decoupling of longitudinal and lateraldirectional dynamics, longitudinal modes, lateraldirectional modes.
Section 3 (Space Dynamics):

Core Topics: Central force motion, determination of trajectory and orbital period in simple cases.

Special Topics: Orbit transfer, inplane and outofplane.
Section 4 (Aerodynamics):

Core Topics: Basic Fluid Mechanics, Airfoils and wings & Compressible Flows.

Special Topics: Elementary ideas of viscous flows including boundary layers, Wind Tunnel Testing: Measurement and visualization techniques.
Section 5 (Structures):

Core Topics: Strength of Materials, Flight vehicle structures & Structural Dynamics.

Special Topics: Vibration of beams, Theory of elasticity: Equilibrium and compatibility equations, Airy’s stress function.
Section 6 (Propulsion):
Core Topics: Basics, Thermodynamics of aircraft engines, Axial compressors, Axial turbines, Centrifugal compressor & Rocket propulsion.
Special Topics: No Special Topics.
Syllabus of Agricultural Engineering (AG)
Section 1 (Engineering Mathematics): Linear Algebra, Calculus, Vector Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics & Numerical Methods.
Section 2 (Farm Machinery): Machine Design and Farm Machinery.
Section 3 (Farm Power): Sources of Power, Farm Power, Tractors and Powertillers.
Section 4 (Soil and Water Conservation Engineering): Fluid Mechanics, Soil Mechanics, Hydrology, Surveying and Leveling, Soil and Water Erosion & Watershed Management.
Section 5 (Irrigation and Drainage Engineering): SoilWaterPlant Relationship, Irrigation Water Conveyance and Application Methods, Agricultural Drainage, Groundwater Hydrology & Wells and Pumps.
Section 6 (Agricultural Processing Engineering) : Drying, Size Reduction and Conveying, Processing and Byproduct Utilization & Storage Systems.
Section 7 (Dairy and Food Engineering): Heat and Mass Transfer & Preservation of Food.
Syllabus of Architecture and Planning (AR)
Architecture and Design, Building Materials, Construction and Management, Building and Structures, Environmental Planning and Design, Urban Design, Urban Planning and Housing, Planning Techniques and Management, Services, Infrastructure and Transportation.
Syllabus of Biotechnology (BT)
Engineering Mathematics, General Biotechnology (Biochemistry, Microbiology, Cell Biology, Molecular Biology and Genetics, Analytical Techniques, Immunology, Bioinformatics), Recombinant DNA Technology, Plant and Animal Biotechnology, Bioprocess Engineering and Process Biotechnology.
Syllabus of Chemical Engineering (CH)
Engineering Mathematics, (Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential equations, Complex variables, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods), Process Calculations and Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics and Mechanical Operations, Heat Transfer, Mass Transfer, Chemical Reaction Engineering, Instrumentation and Process Control, Plant Design and Economics & Chemical Technology.
Syllabus of Chemistry (CY)
Section 1 (Physical Chemistry): Structure, Equilibrium, Kinetics & Surfaces and Interfaces.
Section 2 (Inorganic Chemistry): Main Group Elements, Transition Elements, Lanthanides and Actinides, Organometallics, Radioactivity, Bioinorganic Chemistry, Solids & Instrumental Methods of Analysis.
Section 3 (Organic Chemistry): Stereochemistry, Reaction Mechanisms, Organic Synthesis, Pericyclic Reactions and Photochemistry, Heterocyclic Compounds, Biomolecules & Spectroscopy.
Syllabus of Civil Engineering (CE)
Section 1 (Engineering Mathematics): Linear Algebra, Calculus, Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE), Partial Differential Equation (PDE), Probability and Statistics & Numerical Methods.
Section 2 (Structural Engineering): Engineering Mechanics, Solid Mechanics, Structural Analysis, Construction Materials and Management, Concrete Structures & Steel Structures.
Section 3 (Geotechnical Engineering) : Soil Mechanics & Foundation Engineering.
Section 4 (Water Resources Engineering): Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics, Hydrology & Irrigation.
Section 5 (Environmental Engineering): Water and Waste Water, Air Pollution, Municipal Solid Wastes & Noise Pollution.
Section 6 (Transportation Engineering): Transportation Infrastructure, Highway Pavements & Traffic Engineering.
Section 7 (Geomatics Engineering): Principles of surveying, Photogrammetry & Remote sensing.
Syllabus of Computer Science and Information Technology (CS)
GATE computer science (CSE) syllabus is mentioned below in details. The syllabus covers all important topics of the BE/B.tech curriculum.
Engineering Mathematics (Discrete Mathematics, Linear Algebra, Calculus, Probability), Digital Logic, Computer Organization and Architecture, Programming and Data Structures, Algorithms, Theory of Computation, Compiler Design, Operating System, Databases & Computer Networks.
Syllabus of Ecology and Evolution (EY)
Ecology, Evolution, Mathematics and Quantitative Ecology & Behavioural Ecology.
Syllabus of Electrical Engineering (EE)
GATE electrical engineering syllabus comprises of many core topics. All these topics are listed below.
Engineering Mathematics (Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential equations, Complex variables, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods, Transform Theory), Electric Circuits, Electromagnetic Fields, Signals and Systems, Electrical Machines, Power Systems, Control Systems, Electrical and Electronic Measurements, Analog and Digital Electronics & Power Electronics.
Syllabus of Electronics and Communications (EC)
Candidates can check the GATE syllabus of electronics and Communication engineering below :
Engineering Mathematics, Networks, Signals and Systems, Electronic Devices, Analog Circuits, Digital Circuits, Control Systems, Communications & Electromagnetics.
Syllabus of Geology and Geophysics (GG)
Common Section: Earth and Planetary system, Weathering and soil formation, Introduction to remote sensing, Principles and applications of gravity.
Geology: Geomorphic processes and agents, Mechanism of rock deformation, Crystallography, Cosmic abundance of elements, Igneous rocks, Physicochemical conditions of metamorphism, Morphology, Principles of Stratigraphy, Engineering properties of rocks and soils.
Geophysics: The earth as a planet, different motions of the earth, Scalar and vector potential fields, Absolute and relative gravity measurements, Elements of Earth’s magnetic field, Conduction of electricity through rocks, Basic concept of EM induction in the earth, Geophysical signal processing.
Syllabus of Instrumentation Engineering (IN)
Engineering Mathematics (Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential equations, Analysis of complex variables, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods), Electrical Circuits, Signals and Systems, Control Systems, Analog Electronics, Digital Electronics, Measurements, Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation, Communication and Optical Instrumentation.
Syllabus of Mathematics (MA)
Linear Algebra, Complex Analysis, Real Analysis, Ordinary Differential Equations, Algebra, Functional Analysis, Numerical Analysis, Partial Differential Equations, Topology, Probability and Statistics & Linear programming.
Syllabus of Mechanical Engineering (ME)
GATE Mechanical engineering exam is given by thousands of students, you may check GATE Mechanical engineering syllabus below.
Section 1 (Engineering Mathematics): Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential equations, Complex variables, Probability and Statistics & Numerical Methods.
Section 2 (Applied Mechanics and Design): Engineering Mechanics, Mechanics of Materials, Types of Machines, Vibrations & Machine Design.
Section 3 (Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences): Fluid Mechanics, HeatTransfer, Thermodynamics & Applications.
Section 4 (Materials, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering): Engineering Materials, Casting, Forming and Joining Processes, Machining and Machine Tool Operations, Metrology and Inspection, Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Production Planning and Control, Inventory Control & Operations Research.
Syllabus of Metallurgical Engineering (MT)
Engineering Mathematics (Linear Algebra, Calculus, Vector Calculus, Differential equations, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods), Thermodynamics and Rate Processes, Extractive Metallurgy, Physical Metallurgy, Mechanical Metallurgy & Manufacturing Processes.
Syllabus of Mining Engineering (MN)
Section 1 (Engineering Mathematics): Linear Algebra, Calculus, Vector Calculus, Differential equations, Probability and Statistics & Numerical Methods.
Section 2 (Mine Development and Surveying): Mine Development & Mine Surveying.
Section 3 (Geomechanics and Ground Control): Engineering Mechanics, Geomechanics & Ground Control.
Section 4 (Mining Methods and Machinery): Mining Methods and Mining Machinery.
Section 5 (Surface Environment, Mine Ventilation, and Underground Hazards): Surface Environment, Mine Ventilation and Subsurface Hazards.
Section 6 (Mine Economics, Mine Planning, Systems Engineering): Mine Economics, Mine Planning and Systems Engineering.
Syllabus of Petroleum Engineering (PE)
Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential equations, Complex variables, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods, Petroleum Exploration, Oil and Gas Well Drilling Technology, Reservoir Engineering, Petroleum Production Operations, Offshore Drilling and Production Practices, Petroleum Formation Evaluation, Oil and Gas Well Testing, Health Safety and Environment in Petroleum Industry, Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques, Latest trends in Petroleum Engineering.
Syllabus of Physics (PH)
Mathematical Physics, Classical Mechanics, Electromagnetic Theory, Quantum Mechanics, Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Solid State Physics & Electronics, Nuclear and Particle Physics
Syllabus of Production & Industrial Engineering (PI)
Section 1 (Engineering Mathematics): Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential equations, Complex variables, Probability and Statistics & Numerical Methods.
Section 2 (General Engineering) : Engineering Materials, Applied Mechanics, Theory of Machines and Design, Thermal and Fluids Engineering.
Section 3 (Manufacturing Processes I) : Casting, Metal Forming, Joining of materials, Powder processing, Polymers and Composites.
Section 4 (Manufacturing Processes II) : Machine Tools and Machining, Nontraditional Manufacturing & Computer Integrated Manufacturing.
Section 5 (Quality and Reliability): Metrology and Inspection, Quality management, Reliability and Maintenance.
Section 6 (Industrial Engineering) : Product Design and Development, Work System Design & Facility Design.
Section 7 (Operations research and Operations Management) : Operation Research, Engineering Economy and Costing, Production control & Project management.
Syllabus of Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF)
Engineering Mathematics (Linear Algebra, Calculus, Vector Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods), Textile Fibers, Yarn manufacture, Yarn structure and Properties, Fabric manufacture, Structure and Properties, Textile Testing & Chemical processing.
Syllabus of Engineering Science (XE)
Engineering Mathematics (XEA): This section is Compulsory For all XE candidates. Linear Algebra, Calculus, Vector Calculus, Complex variables, Ordinary Differential Equations, Partial Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics & Numerical Methods.
Fluid Mechanics (XEB): Flow and Fluid Properties, Kinematics, Integral analysis, Differential Analysis, Inviscid flows, Dimensional analysis, Internal flows, Prandtl boundary layer equations.
Materials Science (XEC) : Processing of Materials, Characterization Techniques, Structure and Imperfections, Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Properties of Materials (Mechanical Properties, Electronic Properties, Magnetic Properties, Thermal Properties, Optical Properties), Material types, Environmental Degradation, Elements of Quantum Mechanics and Mathematics.
Solid Mechanics (XED) : Equivalent force systems, Stresses and strains, Axial, shear and bending moment diagrams, Free vibration of single degree of freedom systems.
Thermodynamics (XEE) : Basic Concepts, First Law of Thermodynamics, Second Law of Thermodynamics, Properties of Pure Substances, Thermodynamic Relations, Thermodynamic Cycles, Ideal Gas Mixtures.
Polymer Science and Engineering (XEF) : Chemistry of high polymers, Polymer Characterization, Synthesis and properties, Polymer blends and composites, Polymer Technology, Polymer rheology, Polymer processing, Polymer testing.
Food Technology (XEG) : Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Food Microbiology, Food Products Technology & Food Engineering.
Atmospheric & Ocean Science (XEH) : Atmospheric Science and Ocean Sciences.
Syllabus of Life Science (XL)
Chemistry (XLP) : Atomic Structure and Periodicity, Structure and Bonding, s, p and d Block Elements, Chemical Equilibria, Electrochemistry, Reaction Kinetics, Thermodynamics, StructureReactivity Correlations and Organic Reaction Mechanisms.
Biochemistry (XLQ) : Organization of life, Enzyme kinetics including its regulation and inhibition, Biochemical separation techniques, Cell structure and organelles, DNA replication & Immune system.
Botany (XLR) : Plant Systematics, Plant Anatomy, Morphogenesis & Development, Physiology and Biochemistry, Genetics, Plant Breeding and Genetic Modification, Economic Botany, Plant Pathology, Ecology and Environment.
Microbiology (XLS) : Historical Perspective, Methods in Microbiology, Microbial Taxonomy and Diversity, Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells: Structure and Function, Microbial Growth, Control of Microorganisms, Microbial Metabolism, Microbial Diseases and Host Pathogen Interaction, Chemotherapy/Antibiotics, Microbial Genetics & Microbial Ecology.
Zoology (XLT) : Animal world, Evolution, Genetics, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, Gene expression in Eukaryotes, Animal Anatomy and Physiology, Parasitology and Immunology, Development Biology, Ecology & Animal Behaviour.
Food Technology (XLU) : Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Food Microbiology, Food Products Technology & Food Engineering.
What we will provide you in the study notes?
1. Comprehensive study notes will cover entire topics mentioned in the Syllabus.
2. Study notes for prelims exam will be based in “to the point format” and for main exam in the “descriptive format”.
3. Study notes will divide in many volumes.
4. Latest updated issue of economy also provide you.
5. For practice Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) will added in the last of each subject.
6. Each important point will be bold, italic and underline in the entire contents. It will be help to you in reading.
7. We will also provide you the gist of current affairs.
8. Practice Papers test series will also available.
9. For any kind of guidance and support from our experts, you can call us.
What kind of strategy needs for final selection?
Everyone asks oneself how we can become a civil servant. How to go about preparation? It is depends on how much time you have at your disposal. But lake of right direction we are unable to find wanted success in the competitive exam. In our view, for civil services exam needs at least 10 months of decent preparation. Actually time frame is not working same with each competitors, it is depends on the calibre of hard labour of study and gaining/memorise of the facts.
“Go through right direction, you shall find success”
“The blind study is very harmful for your career. It will neither help you in the prelims nor mains exam."
1. We can clear this exam in the first attempt, with positive mindset and a right strategy.
2. You need to know about the essential books and study materials/notes to crack the exams.
3. Before planning of preparation you should solving past 5 years question papers.
4. Go through the subject study with emphasis according to syllabus mentioned by the concern IIT.
5. At least 4 months before the exam just start reading facts based study notes.
6. One month before appearing in the exam test yourself through mock test papers.
GATE exam complete study notes available
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If you want comprehensive curriculum based study materials, then "Develop India Group" will meet your needs in one place. We will also provide guidance for strategic preparation for the success in competitive exams. We have prepare the study materials by the analyzing the pattern of the last five years papers. So that we could include issues all important issues in the preparing of the study material. After analyzing the success of the past few years, we can say that Develop India Group is a toptier institution, where 7080 percent of questions are being asked by our study material. This is a major breakthrough for us and you can take edge over other competitors by the studying of Develop India Group study notes.
यदि आप व्यापक पाठ्यक्रम आधारित सम्पूर्ण अध्ययन सामाग्री चाहते हैं, तो डेवलप इंडिया ग्रुप एक ही स्थान पर आपकी आवश्यकताओं को पूरा करेगा। हम आपको प्रतियोगी परीक्षा में सफलता के लिए रणनीतिक तैयारी हेतु मार्गदर्शन भी प्रदान करेंगे। हम पिछले पांच वर्षों के प्रश्नपत्रों के पैटर्न का विश्लेषण करके पूरी अध्ययन सामाग्री को तैयार करते हैं। ताकि अध्ययन सामाग्री के निर्माण में हम सभी महत्त्वपूर्ण मुद्दों को शामिल कर सकें। पिछले कुछ साल की सफलता के विश्लेषण करने के बाद, हम यह कह सकते हैं कि डेवलप इंडिया ग्रुप एक शीर्ष स्तरीय संस्थान है, जहां 7080 प्रतिशत सवाल हमारी अध्ययन सामाग्री से पूछे जा रहे हैं। यह हमारे लिए बड़ी सफलता है और आप डेवलप इंडिया ग्रुप की व्यापक अध्ययन सामाग्री का अध्ययन कर के अन्य प्रतियोगियों पर बढ़त हासिल सकते हैं।

Develop India Group (DIG) is India’s largest complete study materials provider website.
(डेवेलप इंडिया ग्रुप (DIG) भारत की सबसे बड़ी अध्ययन सामग्री प्रदाता वेबसाइट है।)

Develop India Group (DIG) prepared their study materials in the guidance of highly qualified and experience mentoring specialist.
(डेवेलप इंडिया ग्रुप (DIG) ने सुयोग्य और अनुभवी सलाह विशेषज्ञों के मार्गदर्शन में अपनी अध्ययन सामग्री तैयार की है।)

Develop India Group (DIG) study materials have been prepared strictly according to revised syllabus.
(डेवेलप इंडिया ग्रुप (DIG) अध्ययन सामग्री पूर्णतया संशोधित पाठ्यक्रम के अनुसार तैयार की गई है।)

Only aim behind preparing these study materials is to provide study material to those students, who are unable to attend coaching classes in mega cities.
(इन अध्ययन सामग्रियों को तैयार करने का उद्देश्य केवल उन छात्रों कोअध्ययन सामग्री प्रदान करना है, जो महानगरों में कोचिंग क्लासेस में भाग लेने में असमर्थ हैं।)

All kind of facts & data in this material have been collected from authentic sources.
(इस सामग्री में सभी प्रकार के तथ्यों और डेटा को प्रामाणिक स्रोतों से एकत्र किया गया है।)

All kind of data is updated in quarterly in our study notes.
(हमारी अध्ययन सामग्रियों में सभी प्रकार के आंकङों को तिमाही में अपडेट किया जाता है।)

Develop India Group (DIG) study materials have been prepared in simple language so that student can memorize easily and better understand.
(डेवेलप इंडिया ग्रुप (DIG) अध्ययन सामग्री सरल भाषा में तैयार की गई है ताकि छात्र आसानी से और बेहतर ढंग से समझ सके।)
 Complete syllabus of preliminary and main exam has been covered in this study material.
(प्रारंभिक और मुख्य परीक्षा का पूरा पाठ्यक्रम इस अध्ययन सामग्री में शामिल किया गया है।)

All important and relevant points have been highlighted in bold, underline and italic ways.
(बोल्ड, रेखांकन और इटैलिक तरीके से सभी महत्वपूर्ण और प्रासंगिक बिंदुओं को हाइलाइट किया गया है।)

We have prepared our study materials with trained, talented, experienced team for each subject. They are supported by subject experts.
(हमने प्रत्येक विषय के लिए प्रशिक्षित, प्रतिभाशाली, अनुभवी टीम के साथ और विषय विशेषज्ञों के मार्गदर्शन में अध्ययन सामग्री तैयार की है।)

Once you will read these study materials, you will surely find 70 to 80 % questions in next coming examination.
(एक बार जब आप ये अध्ययन सामग्री पढ़ लेंगे, तो आपको निश्चित रूप से आने वाली परीक्षा में 70 से 80% प्रश्न मिलेंगें।)
 So BUY TODAY and secure your future.
(इसलिए आज ही खरीदें और अपना भविष्य सुरक्षित करें.)