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The second National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey(NARSS 2018-19) was conducted by an independentverication agency (IVA) between November 2018 andFebruary 2019,to establish the progress over the baselineestablished by NARSS 2017-18 with respect to theDisbursement Linked Indicators (DLI) for the World Bankproject support to the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin),namely (1) Reduction in prevalence of Open Defecation,(2) Sustaining ODF Status in villages, and (3) Increase inpopulation with Solid and Liquid Waste Management.

IPE Global,in Joint Venture with Hindustan Thompson Ltdrepresented by Kantar Public, was selected to undertakethe NARSS after a competitive bidding process.

The NARSS 2018-19 surveyed 92040 households in 6136villages across States and UTs of India. Schools,Anganwadis and public/community toilets were alsosurveyed in these villages.The entire survey process fromthe questionnaire design to eldwork and quality checkwas supervised by an Expert Working Group (EWG)under the chairmanship of Prof Amitabh Kundu, formermember, National Statistical Commission, and cochairmanship of Dr NC Saxena, former Secretary toGovernment of India. The EWG included representativesof the World Bank, UNICEF,Water Aid, BMGF, NSSO, NITIAayog,and India Sanitation Coalition,among others.

Key ndings of NARSS 2018-19 (November 2018 to February 2019)

  • 93.1% of rural households had access to toilets (National Sanitation Coverage)

  • 90.7%of veried Open Defecation Free (ODF) villages were conrmed as ODF

  • 95.4 %of the villages found to have  minimal litter and stagnant water

  • 96.5% of the people who had access to toilets, used them