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The National Programme for Organic Production (hereinafter referred to as ‘NPOP’) provides for Standards for organic production, systems, criteria and procedure for accreditation of Certification Bodies, the National (India Organic) Logo and the regulations governing its use. The standards and procedures have been formulated in harmony with other International Standards regulating import and export of organic products. This document also proposes to provide an institutional mechanism for the implementation of National Standards for Organic Production (hereinafter referred to as ‘NSOP’). The Certificate of Accreditation is a document issued by APEDA, on behalf of theNational Accreditation Body (NAB), to the Certification Body certifying that theaccredited Certification Body is compliant with the standards as envisaged under theNational Programme for Organic Production and is competent to certify producers asper the standards specified in the National Standards for Organic Production.
Ministry of Commerce has implemented the National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP) since 2001. The objectives of NPOP are as under:

1)            To provide the means of evaluation of certification programme for organic agriculture and products (including wild harvest, aquaculture, livestock products) as per the approved criteria.

2)            To accredit certification programmes of Certification Bodies seeking accreditation.

3)            To facilitate certification of organic products in conformity with the prescribed standards.

4)            To facilitate certification of organic products in conformity with the importing countries organic standards as per equivalence agreement between the two countries or as per importing country requirements.

5)            To encourage the development of organic farming and organic processing.

The standards of Organic Crop Production have been described in Appendix 1 of Chapter 3 of NPOP document The production standards include crop production plan, conversion requirement, nutrient management, disease management etc for agricultural crops. There are no separate prescribed production standards for pulses.

The organic pulses certified under NPOP are being cultivated in the States of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Chattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh/Telengana, Gujarat, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, H.P, Odisha and Punjab.

Any agricultural product certified as organic under NPOP has to be certified by an accredited certification body under NPOP for exports. As per the inspection and certification procedures as prescribed under chapter 4 clause 4.3 of the National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP) Document, the Certification Bodies accredited under NPOP conduct inspection before certifying the operators as organic.  After inspection and compliance to the requirement by the certified operators, certification decision is taken by the Certification Body and Scope Certificate is issued having a validity of one year.      

Organic products are traded only through issuance of Transaction Certificates (TCs) wherein the product identity and traceability is maintained. The TCs are also issued only by the accredited Certification Bodies. All the handlers of the product in the supply chain are required to be in the certification system under NPOP and need to obtain TC whenever the product is traded.

India Organic is a certification mark for organically farmed food products manufactured in India. The certification mark certifies that an organic food product conforms to the National Standards for Organic Products established in 2000.
Those standards ensures that the product or the raw materials used in the product were grown through organic farming, without the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, or induced hormones. The certification is issued by testing centres accredited by the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA). under the National Program for Organic Production of the Government of India. Even though the standards are in effect since 2000, the certification scheme and hence the certification mark came into existence in 2002.